What is Ethereum?
Ethereum is a global, open-source network built for decentralized software. In other terms, the vision is to establish a worldwide machine that can be decentralized for anyone to develop software, while all states and data are dispersed and freely available.
To program digital value, Ethereum supports smart contracts in which developers can write code.
Tokens, non-fungible tokens, decentralized finance programs, crowdfunding protocols, decentralized transactions, and many more are examples of decentralized apps (dapps) developed on Ethereum.
What is Ethereum 2.0?
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What is a Smart Contract?
A smart contract is a self-executing contract that is explicitly written into lines of code with the provisions of the deal between buyer and seller. Across a distributed open blockchain network, the code and the agreements found in it remain.
The code governs the execution and it is trackable and immutable for transactions.
Without the need for a central authority, legal structure, or external compliance framework, smart contracts enable trusting transactions and agreements to be executed by disparate, anonymous parties.
Although blockchain technology has come to be regarded largely as the backbone of bitcoin, it has developed well beyond the virtual currency’s base.
Smart contracts were described by Nick Szabo, an American computer scientist who invented a virtual currency named “Bit Gold” in 1998, as computerized transaction protocols that execute contract terms. Smart contracts make traceable, open, and immutable transactions.
Nick Szabo, an American computer scientist who created virtual money named “Bit Gold” in 1998, fully 10 years before the advent of Bitcoin, first introduced smart contracts in 1994. In reality, it is sometimes speculated that Szabo is the true Satoshi Nakamoto, the anonymous bitcoin founder, which he has refuted.
Szabo defined smart contracts as protocols for computerized transactions that implement contract terms. He wished to expand to the digital world the versatility of electronic purchase processes, such as POS (point of sale).
Szabo also suggested the execution of a deal for synthetic properties, such as securities and shares, in his article.
What is the history of Ethereum?
Ethereum has an extremely lengthy list of founders. In December 2013, Anthony Di Iorio wrote “Ethereum was founded by Vitalik Buterin, Myself, Charles Hoskinson, Mihai Alisie, & Amir Chetrit (the initial 5) in December 2013. Joseph Lubin, Gavin Wood, & Jeffrey Wilke were added in early 2014 as founders.”
The formal creation of the Ethereum software project started in early 2014 via a Swiss corporation, Ethereum Switzerland GmbH (EthSuisse).
In the Ethereum Yellow Paper specifying the Ethereum Virtual Machine, work was undertaken by Gavin Wood, then the chief technical officer. A Swiss non-profit foundation, the Ethereum Foundation (Stiftung Ethereum), was subsequently founded as well.
Creation of the project was funded from July to August 2014 by an online public crowdsale, with the participants supporting Ethereum development with another digital currency, Bitcoin.
What is Ether?
Ether is a basic token for Ethereum’s service, and hence creates a freely accessible transaction on the Ethereum ledger. It is used to pay for gas (gwei), a computing device used in transfers and other changes to the state. This currency is sometimes mistakenly regarded as the Ethereum token.
It is identified and exchanged on cryptocurrency exchanges under the ticker symbol ETH and normally uses the Greek upper case character Xi (Ξ) for its currency symbol. It is also used on the Ethereum network to compensate for processing costs and storage services.
What is Gas?
Gas relates to the fee needed to carry out an Ethereum transaction successfully and is charged in the native currency of Ethereum, Ether (ETH). In Gwei, which is an ETH denomination, gas prices are denoted. Per Gwei is equivalent to 0.000000001 ETH.
To reduce transaction spam and distribute capital on the network, this fee method is used.
The function of gas was added to represent the use of the Ethereum network’s validators. Gas (or gwei) refers to transaction costs for the Ethereum network.
Gas fees are transactions paid by users to reimburse for the processing resources used on the Ethereum network to process and verify transactions. The “gas limit” refers to the max amount of gas (or energy) that you are prepared to expend for a single purchase.
A higher gas cap indicates that to conduct a transaction using ether or a smart contract, you must perform more work.
Where can I hold ETH?
Metamask, MyEtherWallet, and MyCrypto are the 3 most common Ethereum based wallets. There are however, several other alternatives available, such as Argent, Trust Wallet, and Coinbase Wallet.
What is Ethereum 2.0?
Ethereum 2.0 is a long-planned upgrade to the global ETH network that focuses on scalability and performance. Phase 0 continues to be set for operation in 2020, the first phase of Eth2.
With the rise of the DeFi movement and trading on DEXes, it is imperative that Ethereum is able to scale with growing demand.
Ethereum 2.0 decreases resource usage, allows the network to accommodate more transactions, and improves security. Ethereum will become a proof of stake blockchain and will add network sharding. This shifts the way Ethereum operates tremendously.